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Jermain Defoe suggests he may leave Sunderland if Black Cats are relegated

first_img Jermain Defoe has hinted he will leave Sunderland if they are relegated from the Premier League 1 Jermain Defoe has targeted making England’s final World Cup squad next year and hinted he may have to leave Sunderland if they are relegated.The striker has been recalled to the Three Lions for the first time since 2013 after scoring 14 Premier League goals this season, despite the Black Cats battling relegation.Defoe could feature in Wednesday’s friendly in Germany ahead of Sunday’s World Cup qualifier against Lithuania at Wembley.He wants to make Gareth Southgate’s squad for next year’s tournament in Russia – should England qualify – but conceded that would be in doubt if Sunderland were relegated.“You have to be realistic, to get into any squad is based on merit and to do that you have to be playing at the top level,” said Defoe, who has scored 19 goals in 55 games for England.“When I went to Toronto (in 2014) I missed out on the World Cup. When I got the call it was hard to accept but you had to be realistic and think the boys I was competing against were playing the Premier League and Europe and that’s why I missed out.“So, yeah, I would say you would need to be playing in the Premier League but we’ll see what happens.”last_img read more

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‘Every club in world football would want to sign Dele Alli, not just Man City’

first_imgShay Given believes Manchester City won’t be the only club in for Dele Alli.The Tottenham star is being chased by City, with Barcelona legend Xavi confirming his former boss Pep Guardiola’s interest in the 21-year-old.But Given reckons, should Alli want to leave Spurs, City would face competition from elite clubs across the world.“He is a class player,” said the Stoke City goalkeeper, who spent two years at City.“He is still only 21 years of age and he has got the biggest future ahead of him.“I think every club in world football would want to sign Dele Alli.“It comes down to Tottenham and how ambitious they are going to be to keep hold of their big players. Harry Kane has been mentioned as well. It is up to Tottenham if they stay or go.“But I think there will be a host of clubs wanting Dele Alli. He is a class player.”last_img read more

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Bowyer believes buyers will be more interested in Charlton after promotion

first_img Charlton goalkeeper Dillon Phillips was praised for regaining his composure Getty Images – Getty Strugglers Wigan hold Blackburn to goalless draw in Championship ROUND-UP “That will make him stronger as a person.“There’s nowhere for him to go, nowhere to hide. You have to grab it.“A lot of those young lads have had to become men, to come from behind against a good Sunderland side.“They had to pull together but they’ve been doing it all season. They are a special group, they are heroes to many people now.” Bowyer so nearly shunned football altogether after his retirement, taking an extended hiatus from the sport.The famously hotheaded midfielder has reinvented himself as a calmer managerial presence however, admitting he is now hungry for more success with Charlton.“I’m my own man, but I was fortunate enough to play under some great managers and great players,” said Bowyer.“I’ve taken bits and bobs from all of them. I’d be silly not to. goalless Berahino hits back at b******t Johnson criticism – ‘I was in a dark place at Stoke’ REPLY Leeds lose at Fulham, West Brom held, Charlton’s winless run continues Getty Images – Getty Lee Bowyer believes Charlton’s Championship promotion could be the catalyst for new ownership at The Valley.Captain Patrick Bauer’s scrambled last-gasp goal saw Charlton sink Sunderland 2-1 in Sunday’s League One play-off final at Wembley. stalemate Charlton will play in the second tier of English football next season EFL result GREAT NEWS Cardiff and Preston play out stalemate in Championship early kick-off Hull defender MacDonald given all-clear after battle with bowel cancer The Addicks are now back in English football’s second tier for the first time in four years, leaving Bowyer confident promotion will help current owner Roland Duchatelet’s bid to sell the club.“You see how many fans were there; this is a great football club,” said Charlton boss Bowyer. “And I can’t understand why no one’s bought it, if I’m honest, even before now.“But now we’re in the Championship, it’s even more attractive.“If I were looking to buy a football club, it’s in London, you’ve got the fan base. “So I think there will be more people interested in it now, especially being one league away from the Premier League.”Charlton’s big day started in disaster when defender Naby Sarr watched on in horror as goalkeeper Dillon Phillips failed to control his back-pass with the ball rolling into the net.Bowyer’s men forced themselves to settle however, eventually levelling through Ben Purrington’s neat finish after a fine Lyle Taylor cross.And just when the clash appeared headed for extra time, up popped centre-back Bauer with the added-time winner to send the 36,000-plus Charlton fans into delirium.Phillips recovered from his error just like Charlton as a group, leaving Bowyer to praise his goalkeeper’s composure.“It’s just one of those things, it’s just a mistake,” said Bowyer.“The trouble is if a goalie makes a mistake it’s normally a goal. That’s part of the game. 2 2 Bannan penalty helps Sheffield Wednesday strengthen grip on play-off place 🎥 “I am so proud of you…”Watch Lee Bowyer’s speech to his players in the dressing room after an incredible day at Wembley… #cafc pic.twitter.com/I91qD3bKhZ— Charlton Athletic FC (@CAFCofficial) May 26, 2019“Some players need an arm around them, give them a cuddle and tell them how good they are.“Others need a kick up the backside and to be told it’s not good enough.“How you make the players feel every day, that alone is the most important part of management. And Sir Bobby Robson, he was unreal at that.”Sunderland’s seventh consecutive Wembley loss hit the Black Cats hard, especially off the back of last month’s EFL Trophy final defeat on penalties.Manager Jack Ross insisted, though, that once the disappointments fade, he will pick up that bid to guide Sunderland back to the Championship.“I came here to take the club back to the Championship at the first time of asking,” said Ross. “I’ll carry that disappointment for myself.“I came here with that ambition and I was clear about it.“I’ll continue to do that as long as I have the opportunity to do so.” LATEST FOOTBALL NEWS last_img read more

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WIN: Ladies Night Out brings fabulous festive sparkle to town

first_imgFestive fashion, food and fun are in the line-up for a glamorous Ladies Christmas Night Out next month in Ballybofey.Patton Frozen Foods and The Igloo is hosting one of the most exciting nights of the Christmas calendar on Wednesday 7th Dec in Jacksons Hotel, Ballybofey. Donegal Daily and Donegal Woman have two VIP tickets to give away for this fantastic charity event. Check out this post on Facebook (Click HERE) to see how you can win two VIP front row seats!The evening begins at 7pm with a Christmas market. Where guests can browse around with a glass of mulled wine, prosecco and canapes in hand. There will be a wide range of festive stalls setting up for the market, with everything from baking to botox!The show begins at 8pm sharp with fabulous chef Rachel Allen showing everyone how it’s done in the kitchen this Christmas. To top it all off, there will be some festive fashion from The Gray Rooms, Pure Boutique, Verve Donegal and for the ladies with blooming bumps this season, Chiq Maternity will be showcasing their beautiful maternity range.So whether you decide to get dressed to the nines or air out your Christmas jumper, this event promises to be one of the best in Donegal this Christmas. All proceeds from the event are going to The Donegal Hospice and The Caolan Melaugh Fund.Patton Frozen Foods and The Igloo want to take this opportunity to thank all those who have given their time and effort to this event Tommy and Bridget Gallen Jacksons Hotel, Paddy McMenamin our compare for the night, DJ Paddy Friel, Siobhan Kelly The Gray Rooms, Rosie Boyle Pure Boutique, Mary Meehan Verve, Gillian Hamilton + Amanda McClintock Chiq Maternity,  Gabrielle McMonagle Gabrielle’s Diary, Maria Rushe Secrets of S Mum,  Liam Porter, John Gildea and the team at Donegal Daily and Donegal Woman. A huge thank you also to all those who have sponsored the wonderful raffle we have in store on the night. Tickets are €25 and are on sale at The Igloo Ballybofey, Jacksons Hotel, The Gray Rooms, Pure Boutique, Verve Donegal Town but hurry they are going like hot cakes!!!WIN: Ladies Night Out brings fabulous festive sparkle to town was last modified: November 23rd, 2016 by Rachel McLaughlinShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)last_img read more

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JOBS: Donegal restaurant seeks to expand team

first_imgJob Vacancies: A busy cafe and restaurant in the Ballybofey/Stranorlar area requires chefs and part time waiting staff for immediate start.Ideal candidates for chef roles must:Have a minimum of 3 years of professional chef/cooking experience, ideally with experience in purchase control/budgets and in the preparation of staff rosters.Have excellent communication skills.Thrive in a busy, fast paced environment.Previous baking experience would be an advantage.Candidates for part-time waiting positions must also have experience working in a similar role. To apply for these positions, please forward a C.V. by email to getfresh.recruitment@hotmail.comJOBS: Donegal restaurant seeks to expand team was last modified: February 13th, 2017 by Rachel McLaughlinShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:BallybofeyEmploymentget freshjobsStranorlartwin townsVacancieslast_img read more

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11 Statistics About Stress At Work (And How You Can Manage It) [Infographic]

first_imgStress at work can be the cause of employees’ psychological, physical, and emotional symptoms, according to a recent infographic from OfficeVibe. Almost 50 percent of workers feel stress has increased over the past five years; one-third feel they are living with extreme stress in their lives. Stress isn’t just a problem for employees. Lost work days and treating and managing the effects of stress is a $300 billion/year cost to employers. Check out the key takeaways for the infographic.Key TakeawaysFrom lack of sleep to unhappiness in the workplace to the emotional, physical, and psychological symptoms, stress has an impact on employees and their interactions with others. $300 billion/year: annual costs to employers in stress related health care and missed work77 percent of people regularly experience physical symptoms caused by stress73 percent of people regularly experience psychological symptoms caused by stress33 percent feel they are living with extreme stress48 percent feel their stress has increased over the past five years76 percent cited money and work as the leading cause of their stress48 percent reported lying awake at night due to stress54 percent said stress has caused them to fight with people close to them60 percent of 26,000 workers in the United States were so unhappy with their current jobs that they would prefer to choose a new career87 percent of workers worldwide are emotionally disconnected from their workplaces and less likely to be productiveUnhappy workers are 10 percent less productiveManage Stress at the WorkplaceThere are a number of ways you can take control and reduce your overall stress and better manage it at work. Check out these activities:Focus with soundMeditationSay good morningUse a stress ballVolunteerMentor a new employeeCompliment someoneSmile at a colleagueGo outside during breakEat away from your deskEat a healthy breakfastSource: OfficeVibe.What have you found useful for reducing stress at the workplace? Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Like this:Like Loading…RelatedDistractions in the Workplace and How to Regain Focus [Infographic]Whether it’s email messages, text messages, chatty co-workers or personal stress, employees face a never-ending array of distractions in the workplace. It doesn’t matter what industry you work in, the distractions take away your focus, and keep you from being productive at work. According to this infographic created by Virgin…In “Business”Happiness in the Workplace [Infographic]Your mood can impact your work life, how you get your work done, your interactions with others, and the quality of the work you do. Sleep, exercise, staying healthy, and keeping positive can all improve our happiness levels at work. According to this infographic from Career Savvy, by identifying the…In “Web design & development links”7 Tips For Creating A Great Place To Work [Infographic]As an employer, you want a great place to work for your employees. A great work environment where employees are happy, healthy, and feel they have a sense of purpose. And the most important things employees are looking for in a great workplace aren’t big salaries and lots of vacation…In “Miscellaneous”last_img read more

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Drones close Dubai Airport

first_imgMore More Dubai International Airport. Photo: Emirates Dubai Airport was briefly closed by a suspected drone sighting Friday.The Associated Press said the airport  halted flights from 10:13 a.m. to 10:45 a.m. on Friday over “suspected drone activity.”Flights were later resumed.The AP said alleged drone sightings have previously disrupted flights into the airport and the UAE is among a number of countries now requiring owners to register.Passengers tweeted:Anush Wijesinha‏ @anushwij 33m33 minutes ago More Stuck for ages at Dubai airport runway unable to taxi as unauthorized drones have entered the airspace here and all takeoffs have been grounded! This seems to be happening often in airports everywhere Andrew Todd‏ @andrewjtodd 50m50 minutes ago Drones delay flights in and out of Dubai airport – reports In December, flights through London’s busy Gatwick Airport were suspended over two days because of drones. Dubai airport going nowhere due to drone flying around. So thousands of people sitting in planes going nowhere. What is wrong with people flying drones near airports!!! Sky News‏Verified account @SkyNews 3m3 minutes ago The closure caused extensive disruption to passengers with hundreds of flights canceled or diverted.Read: World’s Best Airlines for 2019And in January a drone caused problems at Heathrow Airport.Last Saturday, a drone reportedly came within meters of a Virgin Australia Boeing 737 approaching Brisbane Airport in the latest scare involving the ubiquitous remotely piloted aircraft.Flight VA329 was about 4nm from Brisbane at an altitude of 1300ft on Saturday when it narrowly missed the white drone.“The flight crew from VA329 visually saw a drone on approach into Brisbane Airport on Saturday,’’ a Virgin spokeswoman said.“VA329 landed safely in Brisbane and the event has been reported to the Australian Transport Safety Bureau.”last_img read more

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How to Think Like an Art Thief When Planning Your Next Social Media Campaign

first_imgIT + Project Management: A Love Affair Tags:#Analysis#enterprise#NYT Massive Non-Desk Workforce is an Opportunity fo… david strom 3 Areas of Your Business that Need Tech Nowcenter_img Related Posts There are lots of suggestions on improving your social media campaigns out on the Interwebs, but this post from Jesse Stanchak caught my attention. He describes how to plan a campaign like an art thief.. Now Stanchak isn’t advocating actual larceny here, but his suggestions are good ones and worth repeating. He says, “a lot of the potential of social media is tied up in being willing to think big and then plan small, just like an art thief.” Here are his tips, and no, they don’t include avoiding the law:Dream big or don’t bother. Nobody ever steals paintings of dogs playing poker, or the velvet Elvis genre. Unless you’re willing to actually put in the work to create something of value for your audience, they’re just going to ignore you.Know what people like. Art thieves don’t just steal works by artists they personally appreciate; they target artists whose work will sell. Don’t know your audience? Then step back and do some research and get a better understanding. When was the last time you looked at your server and chat logs, for example?Remember that simple plans are best. Look at your social media presence. Is it more complicated than it needs to be? How many moving parts does it have, and what can be eliminated?Sweat the details. Don’t mistake simple for easy. The little things don’t seem very sexy, but when a social media campaign goes off the rails, it’s usually because someone got careless and sent a tweet from the wrong account, or something just as trivial. Find someone who is Type A enough to care about the details.Recognize you can’t control everything. There is no such thing as a perfect plan. Putting a plan in motion means involving other people and these other people can be unpredictable. Keep this in mind and make plans for dealing with the unexpected.Think about the day after. Law enforcement officials say that most art thieves get caught not while stealing their prizes, but when trying to sell them later. Similarly, too many social media campaigns focus on attracting a ton of fans and followers without any consideration being given to what the brand will do with these relationships once they’re formed. Those of you who have quickly gained followers know that you can quickly lose them too. Cognitive Automation is the Immediate Future of…last_img read more

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Oregon ~ Personal Income Tax: Medical Care, Business Expenses Deductions Allowed

first_imgCCH Tax Day ReportThe Oregon Department of Revenue’s disallowance of certain personal income tax deductions for medical care expenses and consulting fees paid to a contractor were reversed because the taxpayers met the burden of proof. Generally, deductions are granted for qualified long-term care expenses of a “chronically ill individual” if a licensed health care practitioner certifies that the individual meets the conditions for the prior 12 months. In this case, the taxpayers’ dependent mother was provided care in a foster home according to a licensed health care practitioner’s prescription and the records regarding her care satisfied the statutory certification condition. Accordingly, the taxpayers were granted the claimed medical care expense deduction.The taxpayers were granted business expense deductions for payment of consulting fees to a third party, despite their not filing “information returns” for the tax year in question, because the third party was a contractor and the taxpayers fell outside of the filing threshold for that year.Donohoe v. Department of Revenue, Oregon Tax Court, No. TC-MD 150521N, August 23, 2016, ¶401-246last_img read more

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Rover reveals puzzling sand dunes on Mars

first_img NASA (3)/(DIAGRAM) C. BICKEL/SCIENCE The Martian was only a movie, but the blowing sand that drove the plot really does influence Mars today—and is now a source of intrigue for scientists studying the planet. Investigators with NASA’s Curiosity rover are exploring the planet’s dark sand dunes and have discovered structures thought to be unlike any on Earth: ripples spaced about 3 meters apart, intermediate in size between the little ripples and big dunes found on both planets. Scientists aren’t sure how they form, but they think the density of the thin martian atmosphere plays a role in shaping them.“Something in the martian environment is begging for these to form,” says Lori Fenton, a planetary scientist who studies dunes at the SETI Institute in Mountain View, California, and who wasn’t involved in the research. Even before scientists can puzzle out what that is, they hope to use fossilized ripples in rocks that hardened from ancient dunes to glean clues about the thicker atmosphere of early Mars, according to Mathieu Lapotre, a graduate student at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) in Pasadena, who presented the work here last week at the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (LPSC).Researchers had seen the large ripples in pictures taken from orbit, “but nobody thought hard enough” about them, Fenton says. In the end it took up-close observations by Curiosity, which is exploring Gale Crater. When the rover neared dark, billowy dunes girding the mountain that it aims to climb, some researchers on the rover’s science team considered them a potentially hazardous obstacle. But others saw an opportunity. “We have not visited an active sand dune field on another planet,” says Bethany Ehlmann, a participating scientist on the rover team at Caltech. “I don’t think it’s conscionable to be 100 meters away and drive by without stopping to take a look.”Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)So Ehlmann and others pushed for a campaign of pictures, wind measurements, and chemical analyses over several weeks in December 2015 and January (see map, below). The scientists presented their initial results at the LPSC: images of 5-meter-tall dunes that would not look out of place in Namibia. Imprinted on top of the large dunes were typically tiny ripples and the mysterious, larger ones. Other scientists on the Curiosity team are studying the size, chemistry, and color of martian dune sand. On Earth, dunes consist mainly of quartz grains, eroded from the granite that makes up much of the 
continental crust. On Mars, by contrast, dunes are made up mostly of dark, dense minerals like olivine, from volcanic basalt. The dunes get darker with time as finer dust, which contains lighter-colored feldspar minerals, blows away. Ehlmann says studying how the martian wind sorts grains by size and composition will help researchers understand other changes that occur as the sediment turns into stone.But at the LPSC, scientists were most excited by the discovery of the large ripples. In addition to spotting them in the Curiosity images, Lapotre and his colleagues have identified them at dozens of sites all over the planet in images taken from orbit. They found that at higher elevations, where the atmosphere is thinner, the ripples are farther apart. If these ripples can be found in old rocks, Radebaugh says, “you can get a good sense of what the paleoatmosphere was like.”If the large ripples are forming because of atmospheric influences rather than the impact mechanics of hopping sand grains, then, technically, they would be dunes rather than ripples. Lapotre says they seem to be similar to dunes found in riverbeds on Earth. Just as waves on the water’s surface shape the bottom, invisible “boundary layers” in the atmosphere may sculpt ripples on the surface of Mars.Not everyone is convinced that the ripples are a new type of dune. “They could just be big ripples” left over from a windier martian past, says Ralph Lorenz, an APL planetary scientist. But Fenton says Lapotre and colleagues have spotted slip faces—signs of miniavalanches—on the lee sides of some of them. Larger dunes share such slumping features, but small ripples lack them. The new-dune scenario is “plausible,” she says. “I’m happy that somebody has put forward an explanation, because it has bugged me.” On terrestrial beaches and deserts, small sand ripples form centimeters apart. They take shape when wind-borne sand grains hop and strike sand downwind, scattering yet more grains. Once a ripple begins to form, it protects sand on its downwind slope from being dislodged by further impacts. Meanwhile, scattered sand continues to be deposited on the upwind side of the ripple. Larger dunes, which can sit hundreds of meters apart, grow through a different process involving the aerodynamics of the atmosphere. As wind approaches a pile of sand, its streamlines are compressed, whipping up speeds and piling up more sand toward the crest. Eventually, the leading edge becomes too steep and collapses, allowing a new crest to form and the dune to inch along.In the solar system, dunes are found on Earth, Mars, Venus, Titan, and perhaps even Pluto. Planetary scientists study them from orbit to infer wind directions—like a “free wind sock,” says Jani Radebaugh, who studies Titan’s dunes at Brigham Young University in Provo, Utah. They can also use them to infer wind speed. From theoretical models and wind tunnel tests using crushed walnut shells to mimic sand blowing in Mars’s weak gravity, researchers have estimated that wind speeds need to reach about 15 to 20 meters a second for martian dunes to form. Researchers hope to check those numbers by studying a handful of Curiosity’s images of moving dunes snapped on days when the rover also took wind measurements, says Nathan Bridges, a planetary scientist at Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) in Laurel, Maryland. Since landing in 2012, NASA’s Curiosity rover has trundled toward its mountain target, Aeolis Mons (also called Mount Sharp), but it must cross potentially hazardous sand dunes.last_img read more