Of the more than 300 parrot species, only four have been seen using tools. In the wild, hyacinth macaws break open nuts with leaves and sticks, and black palm cockatoos drum on trees with rocks and empty nut shells. And in captive laboratory settings, keas use sticks to rake in nuts that are out of reach, and Goffin’s cockatoos do the same with wood tools they manufacture. Now, researchers have added another species to this short list: the greater vasa parrots (Coracopsis vasa) of Madagascar. The scientists made their discovery while video recording the behaviors of 10 of the birds housed together in an aviary at Lincolnshire Wildlife Park in the United Kingdom. From March to mid-April 2013, prior to the breeding season, five of the birds occasionally picked up pebbles or date pits from the floor of the enclosure and used these to scrape inside cockle shells, or to break off bits of the shells. The shells are part of a mix of soil, wood chips, and pebbles, and are there as a source of calcium for the birds. By grinding the pebbles or pits inside the shells (as shown in the video), the birds made a calcium powder—the first time that any animal, other than humans, has been seen using a grinding tool, the scientists report online today in Biology Letters. The parrots ate the calcium powder and the bits they broke off the shells. Many female songbirds consume calcium from shells before the breeding season, because they cannot store the chemical in their skeletons but need it to produce eggs. But four of the five greater vasa parrots that used the tools and ingested the calcium were males. The scientists suspect that because these male parrots regurgitate food to feed the females during courtship, copulation, and incubation, they may be providing the calcium to their mates indirectly. Chickens are known to better retain calcium if it’s given to them either ground or as small particles, so it may be that the male greater vasa parrots are grinding and breaking the seashells to also provide their females with high-quality calcium.(Video credit: Megan Lambert)Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)
0Shares0000LONDON, November 18- Former Croatia international Zvonimir Boban has questioned the decision to play Marouane Fellaini ahead of Radja Nainggolan in the Belgium team.Boban, who represented Dinamo Zagreb and Milan during his playing days, was on a the Sky Sports panel which discussed the EURO 2016 qualifier between Belgium and Wales on Sunday. And the 46-year-old didn’t spare any punches in his assessment of Fellaini, while suggesting that Roma midfielder Nainggolan would be a better option in Marc Wilmots’ starting line-up.As things stand, Nainggolan has made just eight appearances for the national team, while Fellaini has racked up 53.Boban said: “Fellaini cannot play football. He seriously cannot play football.“It’s unthinkable that Nainggolan doesn’t play instead of him.”The criticism of Fellaini has come at a strange time, with the towering midfielder enjoying something of revival in the United team of late under the management of Louis van Gaal.He has also made three appearances for Belgium this year, scoring two goals.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)
AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MORESurfer attacked by shark near Channel Islands calls rescue a ‘Christmas miracle’The school held the dedication on the actual Columbus Day with Eastside Union School District officials and representatives of elected officials in attendance. “It is with great joy that we can finally say, `Welcome to Columbia,”‘ Principal Dorothea Thompson said from an outdoor stage bedecked with balloons and bunting in red, white and blue, the school’s colors. Board president Janette Crawford said the school could not have been built without support from the community. “Because the community dared to dream by passing a bond, our district was able to make a dream a reality. Now, we have a beautiful new school,” Crawford said. “When I look around, I see faces of bright, young students, but I also see future doctors, pilots, artists, engineers and teachers. I see our future,” Crawford said. Fullerton, an inductee into the U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame at Kennedy Space Center, showed a space shuttle model to the students, eliciting from them appreciative “oohs” and “aahs.” He told them that the shuttles were built about three miles away at Plant 42 in Palmdale. “I had a chance to fly that wonderful ship back in 1982. We went around (the world) 127 times, and it took us only eight days,” Fullerton said. “It was a really wonderful trip, the most thrilling time of my life. Columbia, I’m happy to report, performed perfectly.” Columbia went on to fly 28 more missions before breaking apart in a deadly 2003 accident over Texas. Fullerton also commanded space shuttle Challenger in 1985. Thompson got the loudest applause and cheers from the children when she ended the ceremony with the announcement: “Today, we get to use the grass! I knew you’d love it.” Columbia Elementary, located on the 2600 block of East Avenue J-4, is Eastside’s first new school in more than four years and is named after the shuttle. The campus is home to staffers and pupils from Tierra Bonita North Elementary School. Tierra Bonita North had been sharing a campus on 27th Street East at Lancaster Boulevard with Tierra Bonita South Elementary School. The two schools had started out in 1991 as one, created to accommodate youths living in the housing tracts that sprang up in east Lancaster in the late 1980s. The school split in two to keep the size manageable. Tierra Bonita South will stay on the old campus. Columbia’s construction was financed from a $15.5million bond measure Eastside voters passed in 1997, along with state funds. email@example.com (661) 267-5744160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! LANCASTER – The $16.5 million campus of Columbia Elementary School was dedicated Thursday amid music, a plane flyover and keynote remarks by astronaut and space shuttle Columbia pilot Gordon Fullerton. Fullerton, 70, associate director of flight operations at NASA Dryden Flight Research Center, recalled two famous ships called Columbia: the space shuttle that he piloted on its third mission in 1982 and the sailing ship Columbia, the first American ship to circumnavigate the globe in 1790 and the one that discovered the Columbia River two years later. “You should look at the name Columbia Elementary and be really proud of that name. It was the first name our country was known by. It was the name of two great ships,” Fullerton said. “They were special ships flown by special Americans in the same way you are special Americans as you attend this school. When you come to school, just remember you are the crew of Columbia Elementary.” The 12.7-acre school opened Aug.14 and has 796 students from kindergarten through fifth grade. The school was given American flags that were flown over the U.S. Capitol and the state capitol building.
editor’s note: public entrepreneurship, innovation is the power source, it also provides Fumin Road, fair, power meter. At present, the public entrepreneurship, innovation is to Liaoyuanzhishi around the vigorous development of "double" concept increasingly popular. In the new Internet era, only to follow the development of the new normal, grasp the characteristics and trends of a new round of business innovation, resolutely eliminate all shackles and fetters, innovation and entrepreneurship to create a good ecological environment, in order to truly make entrepreneurship and innovation become the trend of the times, brought together a strong new momentum of economic and social development.
China’s economic development is in a growth phase shift, structural adjustment pains, pre stimulus digestion period three overlay, while facing the manufacturing industry to capacity of real estate, "to stock, bubble to the financial system", "deleveraging", "environmental pollution" four "labor pains", the economic downward pressure increasing. To maintain stable economic growth, avoid economic "hard landing", we must build a new engine, by promoting public entrepreneurship, innovation, release their wisdom to promote economic development, from the factor driven, investment driven to innovation driven, promote the optimization and upgrading of industrial structure, bring vitality to the economic sustainable China.
Since the reform and opening to the outside world, China has experienced several
. Is a 1978 party after the third Plenary Session of the 11th CPC Central Committee, on the establishment of township enterprises, urban self-employed and private enterprises for the characteristics of the "entrepreneur"; one is after Deng Xiaoping’s southern tour in 1992, the following features of entrepreneurial business sea wave; there is, after entering the new century, with the development of Internet technology, risk investment and capital market. In the new Internet economy features of entrepreneurial. At present, China is forming a new wave of entrepreneurial innovation. In order to make a thorough understanding of entrepreneurial innovation, the author of this year to Beijing, Shenzhen, Wuhan, Shanghai, Chongqing, Tianjin, Qingdao, Fuzhou and other more than and 10 city were investigated, the survey shows that more than hundred enterprises: a new wave of entrepreneurship has six characteristics.
first, with the public business, put forward the innovation ", commercial system reform deepening, a number of policies to support the Small and micro businesses have been introduced, government reform as the initiative to become a major driving force to promote a new round of the wave of entrepreneurship. On September 2014, Premier Li Keqiang at the eighth session of the summer Davos forum speech said, through reform and innovation, "Dongfeng" in Chinese 9 million 600 thousand square kilometers of land has a "public business", "entrepreneur" of the new wave. "Public entrepreneurship, innovation" is written to this "government work report", and upgrade to one of Chinese economic transformation and the steady growth of the "double engine" height. Around the public entrepreneurship, innovation of the new deal, the government, through decentralization subtraction, mobilize social innovation to create enthusiasm. Through the cancellation of administrative examination and approval, standardize the examination and approval behavior, in order to continue the self revolution, open the door for entrepreneurship, for the development of enterprise deregulation, to expand employment help.
according to statistics, the State Council has been canceled or decentralized nearly 8>