By RUSSELL BENNETT Gippsland League IT WAS a five-goal-to-one final term from Moe that snuffed out Warragul’s chances of securing…[To read the rest of this story Subscribe or Login to the Gazette Access Pass] Thanks for reading the Pakenham Berwick Gazette. Subscribe or Login to read the rest of this content with the Gazette Digital Access Pass subscription.
By GEORGIA WESTGARTH Roll up, roll up, the Pakenham mobile blood donor centre needs to fill 100 appointments by Friday…[To read the rest of this story Subscribe or Login to the Gazette Access Pass] Thanks for reading the Pakenham Berwick Gazette. Subscribe or Login to read the rest of this content with the Gazette Digital Access Pass subscription.
Tyler McKay of Rossland fired a 36-hole total of 146 to capture the BC Amateur Qualifer Sunday at Birchbank Golf Course near Trail.McKay edged Karson O’Keefe pf Creston by one stroke, firing rounds of 71 Saturday at Redstone near Rossland and 75 Sunday at Birchbank. Braden McKay pf Birchbank was third at 148 followed by Granite Pointe golfer Hanno Southam at 157.In the BC Junior qualifier, the McKay boys finished one-two with Southam third.Aiden and Trevor Browell, both of Champion Lake near Fruitvale, were fourth and fifth, repectively.The BC Summer Games team consists of Ethan Paton of Salmo, Jeff Ashton of Birchbank, Jordan Field of Christina Lake and Dugan McInnes of Nakusp.The 112th BC Men’s Amateur tournament is scheduled for July 15-18 at Seymour Golf Course in North Vancouver while the BC Junior Men’s event goes July 8-11 at Meadow Gardens in Pitt Meadows.The BC Summer Games tournament is July 17-20 in Nanaimo.
Sweetnam guided the Spy Coast Farm-owned 10-year-old stallion Chaqui Z to victory, posting the fastest double clear round (38.13) when first to go in the 11 horse jump-off.When asked if he was expecting to win the class, Sweetnam replied, “No, absolutely not. I was pretty tight everywhere. I wasn’t galloping fast or taking big risks. So when I came out of the ring, I thought maybe top four or something like that but everything seemed to work out. Today was my day. “I show here at the Kentucky Horse Park all summer so it’s great to win here,” continued Sweetnam. “Chaqui Z’s a great stallion. We haven’t competed much together, but we’ve always been consistent. It’s great to win a class like this.”Course designer Michel Vaillancourt built a technical first-round track with a tight time-allowed, where only 11 combinations cleared all 13 obstacles with no time faults. Only five would go on to master Vaillancourt’s short course with no penalties.“I did a turn from fences two to three in the first round – I think I was the only one who did it because I thought I was going to have a time fault if I would have stayed around so I had to do something about it,” said Sweetnam. “The slower horses did struggle unless they did something different like turning back on the last line. If they stayed wide they were always going to be in trouble. The combinations took a little bit of riding. The last line was causing problems. I have a good horse; I was most concerned with the time.”As Sweetnam kicked off the tiebreaker with a blazing fast and clear effort, it was fellow Irishman and winner of Wednesday’s $35,000 Welcome Speed Class, Richie Moloney, aboard Equinimity LLC’s Carrabis Z, who produced the next clear round to move into second place in 46.57 seconds.Charlie Jacobs (USA) and Cassinja S, owned by CMJ Sporthorse, LLC, followed Moloney’s path to also finish clear in 40.69 seconds – six full seconds ahead of Moloney’s time, which would garner him second place honors in the final results, while Moloney would eventually take fifth place.America’s Margie Engle and Elm Rock Partners, LLC’s Abunola also kept the faultless streak alive, crossing the finish line in 41.40 seconds to move ahead of Moloney and secure fourth place.Last to go in the jump-off was Katie Dinan (USA) and The Irish Sport Horse Dougie Douglas, owned by Grant Road Partners LLC. They were the final horse and rider to finish double clear and, paired with their impressive speed, rounded out the top three rankings of the class in 40.74 seconds.“I was super happy with my horse,” said Dinan. “He jumped great. I went in to the jump-off hoping to be clear and competitive, but still have a good round. I was thinking a little bit about Saturday but I was really happy with him.”With the 2017 Longines FEI World Cup™ Jumping Finals on the horizon, everyone is working to gain valuable ranking points to qualify for Omaha, including Dinan, who purchased Dougie Douglas (ISH) at the Goresbridge Supreme Sale of Show Jumpers in Ireland this time last year.“If I qualify and feel ready to go, I’d love the opportunity to go to World Cup Finals,” said Dinan. “To represent the U.S. at the World Cup would be a huge privilege, but I will take it one day at a time. I’ve only been riding [Dougie Douglas] since the beginning of this year. I’m very lucky to have him. I think we have really built up a partnership with him over the past 11 months. He is a privilege to ride and I’m thrilled to be his rider.”“It’s a bit far away, but if I do well this week and at Toronto next week…you never know,” said Sweetnam. “I’ll see how it goes! We’re also working towards the European Championships in Sweden next year. He’s the right age at 11 years old. We didn’t have a team at the Olympics this year, and last year he was a bit too green to do the European Championships in Aachen. Next year could be a good year for him, but we will see.”Prior to Thursday’s Grand Prix, Jessica Springsteen and Stone Hill Farm’s Davendy S topped the leaderboard in the $35,000 Suncast Speed Class. They edged out Wednesday night’s winners, Richie Moloney and Equinimity LLC’s Slieveanorra (ISH) who took runner-up spot.Results: $130,000 CP Grand Prix CSI4* Lexington USARider/Country/Horse/Owner/First Round Faults/Second Round Faults/Time1. Shane Sweetnam/IRL/Chaqui Z/Spy Coast Farm LLC/0/0/38.132. Charlie Jacobs/USA/Cassinja S/CMJ Sporthorse LLC/0/0/40.693. Katherine Dinan/USA/Dougie Douglas (ISH)/Grand Road Partners LLC/0/0/40.694. Margie Engle/USA/Abunola/Elm Rock Partners LLC/0/0/41.405. Richie Moloney/IRL/Carrabis Z/Equinimity LLC/0/0/46.576. Aaron Vale/USA/Finou 4/Thinks Like A Horse/0/4/35.42print WhatsApp Facebook Twitter Email FOLLOWING an opening day win for Kilkenny’s Richie Moloney and Slieveanorra (ISH) at the CP National Horse Show in Lexington, Kentucky USA, Cork’s Shane Sweetnam added to Irish success with victory in the $130,000 CP Grand Prix at the same venue in the early hours of this morning.
CESAR AZPILICUETA says Chelsea are out for revenge against Spurs after last month’s “unacceptable” defeat at Wembley.Maurizio Sarri’s men saw their unbeaten start to the season go up in smoke at the Home of Football in November at the hands of Spurs.5 Cesar Azpilicueta is out for revenge against TottenhamCredit: GettyThe final score was 3-1 but it could have been double that as Tottenham ran riot.Now Azpilicueta and Co have the chance to make up for it when they take of their capital rivals in the Carabao Cup semi-finals over two legs next month.The Spaniard said: “That game from the first minute to the last we were really bad. They were better than us. We cannot let this happen again. We have to improve.“After that game we understood what we can improve on and obviously when the game gets closer, we will study them more and try to get better because the game we played that day was not acceptable.5 Chelsea’s undefeated start to the campaign was ended last month by SpursCredit: Reuters5 The Blues sealed a Carabao Cup semi-final showdown with their rivals on Wednesday by defeating BournemouthCredit: AP:Associated Press“I have been here a long time and had very good moments and some tough ones. But the way that game went was a bad experience.“We were undefeated going into that game and to lose the way we did was tough. But it happened, the only thing we can do is turn it around and we have a good chance. We will try to do it.”POCHETTI-NO! Tottenham ban press from asking Mauricio Pochettino about Manchester UnitedAzpilicueta has been at Chelsea since 2012 but the team is still only five months into Sarri’s reign.That is in stark contrast to the four years Mauricio Pochettino has been at Tottenham.LATEST CHELSEA NEWSmighty fine brosRyan Thomas gets parking ticket on £285k Rolls Royce as bros ride bikesExclusiveRETURN TRIPRyan, Adam and Scott Thomas handed second series of their ITV travel seriesteetotalLove Island’s Scott Thomas reveals he nearly lost his business over love of boozeTHOMAS AND TEDDYAdam Thomas and son Teddy model new George at Asda range for Father’s Day’lockdown baby’Holly Willoughby praises Ryan Thomas’ ‘sweet’ eight-week-old baby RomanFAMILY TIESAdam Thomas confronts absent dad in new doc with brothers Ryan and ScottBut Azpilicueta insists the fact Spurs are further along in their development under their manager is no excuse when it comes to a London derby.The former Marseille man said: “They have been working together for a long time, but when you go on to the pitch in a derby, there are a lot of things that don’t matter, like how long or not you have been playing with the manager.“In a derby like this there a lot of things. In the last derby we didn’t play the way we normally do and we have to learn from it.”Chelsea set up the two-legged semi-final against Spurs, to be played on January 8 and 22, after sub Eden Hazard’s late strike saw off Bournemouth.Ruben Loftus-Cheek impressed in a more advanced role playing as a wide forward and Azpilicueta reckons the England star has improved significantly.5 Ruben Loftus-Cheek helped Chelsea to overcome Bournemouth in the quarter-final on WednesdayCredit: Getty Images5 The England midfielder has come back from his Palace loan spell a much better player, according to his Spanish team-mateCredit: ReutersThe 29-year-old said: “He came back to pre-season training from his holidays following the World Cup before he was supposed to.“He didn’t play much and he wanted to get in the team really quick. Obviously he took a bit of time to adapt to a new position, last season he played at Crystal Palace in a different role.“But he has adapted really well, now he is playing sometimes as a winger. His game is improving every day and I’m really pleased for him.“He has been with us for quite a long time and now he is getting more of a chance. He is showing his quality and how important he can be. We have seen a better Ruben and hopefully he can keep going.”It’s match week 18 of the Premier League as Chelsea greet Leicester City and Cardiff welcomes Manchester United
“I want to thank my administrators at Drury, Pat Atwell and Barb Cowherd, who, on top of being great bosses, were also great mentors,” she said. “I also want to thank McNeese Athletic Director Bruce Hemphill and Senior Woman’s Administrator Bridget Martin for giving me the chance to return to McNeese.” Fitzgerald replaces Terry Gamble who left McNeese to take a similar job at Jacksonville State. “It is both great and surprising to be coming back to McNeese after five years,” said Fitzgerald, who has spent the last five years as head coach at Drury University. “A lot has changed from a facilities perspective across campus since I left, but a lot has stayed the same. McNeese is still all about a sense of family and community, and I know it is a place where I will be supported personally and professionally.” At Drury, an NCAA Division II school located in Springfield, Missouri, Fitzgerald compiled an 87-74 record in five seasons and led the Panthers to their only three winning seasons in the program’s 20-year history. Prior to her coaching stint at Drury, Fitzgerald served as an assistant coach and recruiting coordinator at McNeese from 2006-08. LAKE CHARLES, La. – Ashleigh Fitzgerald, who from 2006 to 2008 helped coach McNeese State volleyball to a Southland Conference East Division Championship and league postseason play each of those seasons, has been named the Cowgirls’ new head coach, Athletic Director Bruce Hemphill announced on Wednesday. Fitzgerald was responsible for recruiting Priscilla Massengale, the Houston Chronicle’s 2008 Player of the Year and 2009 Louisiana Freshman of the Year. She also mentored an ESPN the Magazine Academic All-American and the Southland Conference Scholar Athlete of the Year in Tiffany Baker as well as coaching six all-conference selections. The Chapin, South Carolina native was a member of the Ole Miss volleyball team for two years from 2004 to 2005 where she ranked fourth in the SEC in aces per game in 2004 and was fifth in the league in assists in 2005. Fitzgerald played her first two collegiate seasons at the United States Naval Academy and earned the Unsung Hero Award in 2001. “Her experience as a head coach in addition to her playing collegiately at a high level made the decision an easy one. She will bring a lot of energy to our program and has led her teams to success both in the classroom and on the court. We are confident that Ashleigh will continue that success here at McNeese. We are committed to our volleyball program and will give it every opportunity to be successful.” Fitzgerald guided the program to three Great Lakes Valley Conference Tournaments and led the team to its first conference tournament win in 2011. In 2010, she led the Panthers to a school-record 22 victories. She coached numerous all-conference selections, the school’s first D-II Daktronics All-Region honoree, and an ESPN the Magazine Academic All-Region team member. Her squads earned four AVCA team academic awards that recognizes teams that compile a minimum 3.30 team grade point average. During her previous stint at McNeese, Fitzgerald helped coach the Cowgirls to three conference tournament appearances while advancing to the semifinal match twice. The Cowgirls posted a 30-18 overall conference record in three seasons including a 12-4 mark and the Southland Conference Eastern Division title in 2006. The Cowgirls also finished second in the division in 2007. Said Hemphill: “We could not be more thrilled to announce Ashleigh Fitzgerald as our new volleyball coach at McNeese. She is a great fit for our program, school and community. With her being an assistant at McNeese in previous years, she knows Lake Charles, Southwest Louisiana and the University. Fitzgerald was an academic standout at Ole Miss, earning the SEC’s post-graduate scholarship for community service in 2006. She served as a volunteer coach for the Lady Rebels in the spring of 2006.
The Maponya Mall Reading Programme willbe hosted mainly at the Funda UJabuleschool in Soweto. (Image: UJ) MEDIA CONTACTS • Herman Esterhuizen UJ media relations +27 559 36653 or +27 72 129 0777 RELATED ARTICLES: RELATED ARTICLES • UJ Soweto university open for learning • Tackling SA’s education challenges • SA prioritises quality education • Getting needy kids hooked on books • Primary schools get a helping handEmily van RijswijckA top shopping mall, a financial services company and a university have struck up a joint venture to teach children in Soweto the joy and educational value of reading, within and outside the classroom.The Maponya Mall Reading Programme, which targets children between the ages of four and eight, was formally launched at the mall in Klipspruit, Soweto, by the University of Johannesburg (UJ) and Sanlam.The upmarket shopping centre is close to UJ’s Soweto campus.According to the university, the aim of the programme is two-fold – firstly to promote reading and an appreciation of literature through storytelling and secondly, to give staff and students of the Faculty of Education the chance to share their storytelling skills with the surrounding community.The Dean of the Faculty of Education, Prof Sarah Gravett, and B Ed Foundation Phase teacher education students got the programme going by reading to about 250 children throughout the morning of 17 March, the launch date.According to Gravett, reading lays the foundation for all further cognitive development in young children and it is critical that parents read to their children and, in so doing, stimulate a passion for literature which will stay with them all their lives.“Reading is a very important way of activating and initiating the development of more complex thinking and linguistic literacy, which can prove crucial to the years of foundation phase schooling,” she says. “The earlier reading is used as a tool to stimulate language development the better, since we never exist without language; we use it all the time.”The Funda UJabule schoolThe programme will be hosted for the most part at the unique Funda UJabule (isiZulu, meaning “learn and be happy”) school on UJ’s Soweto campus. Funda UJabule, a partnership between the Gauteng Department of Education and UJ, is used as a teacher education and research facility for students planning to teach at pre-primary level.Foundation phase students at UJ participate in classroom activities at the school and spend time as observers and assistants to the teachers.“The overall aim is to establish a strong teacher education programme that bridges the ‘theory-practice divide’,” says UJ.In an effort to reach the community, teachers and students contribute a bi-weekly column to community newspapers in Soweto in which they discuss child care and aspects of education.Funda UJabule opened its doors in 2010, with two grade R (foundation phase or pre-school) classes offering education to 200 children in either English and isiZulu, or English and Sesotho. In time it is hoped to develop the school into a fully-fledged primary school.In addition, Funda UJabule is a facility where students can undertake research in various related fields.The school hosts a number of community engagement projects related to care and education in childhood, of which the Maponya Mall Reading Programme is the latest. Teaching parentsThe reading programme also has a strong parenting focus. In the coming months the UJ Faculty of Education will host further events, some of which will train parents in the art of storytelling and help them with reading strategies at home.Books are about more than stories and should be used as tools by parents to teach their children. The choice of a particular story can set an entire learning process in motion, Gravett believes.“The question should not be whether I should be reading to my child, but what I should be reading and how I can use the reading experience to teach my child something about society,” she says.“Even though reading is important for the development of linguistic literacy it should be accompanied by the deliberate attempt to teach one’s child something new. Your child’s success at school depends on what you are reading to them.”Metropolitan RaucalThis is not the first time UJ has joined forces with a financial institution to promote education and learning. In 1994 the university went into a partnership with Metropolitan Life to support the Metropolitan Raucal, a Gauteng Department of Education school established in 1992 by the then Rand Afrikaans University (since renamed as the University of Johannesburg).The initial aim of the school was to help township pupils with an aptitude for mathematics and science to gain access to quality education. Now in its 20thyear, the school continues to post excellent matric results and, while its curriculum remains strongly focused on quality maths and science education, the selection criteria have become less restrictive. The school maintained a 100% matriculation pass rate until 2009 but faltered a little, with one failure in each of the 2010 and 2011 academic years.A rich historyWith its rich, chequered and sometimes violent history it is no wonder that the sprawling township of Soweto (its name taken from the first two letters of the words in South Western Township) is such a drawcard for visitors to Gauteng and is one of the top ten destinations in the province.South Africa’s biggest township has written its name firmly in the history books for a number of reasons.It was here that the Freedom Charter was signed in 1955 in Soweto’s oldest suburb, Kliptown. It is also here that visitors can see the only street in the world where two Nobel Peace Prize laureates once lived.Former president Nelson Mandela and Archbishop Desmond Tutu both lived in Vilakazi Street in Orlando West and while Tutu’s former house is still a domestic residence Mandela’s small matchbox home has been turned into a museum.Soweto is also the place where the 1976 student uprising began, an event that sounded the death knell for apartheid and led to severe international sanctions against the country right through the 1980s.The Hector Pietersen Museum around the corner from Mandela’s old home commemorates this event.
A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Speaking for a moment about novelty, I do remember clearly getting my first CD-ROM drive in the mid-90s and then shelling out some hard-earned money for Encarta because it was simply the de facto proof of concept for the term multimedia. Hundreds of thousands of articles, indexed and cross-referenced, high-resolution photographs, small videos, and sound files all made the Encarta experience something singularly awesome in a time where most people were still trying to figure out how to allocate all their extended memory to get Windows 3.1 to run on their PC. Encarta brought a legitimacy to that term, multimedia, where a lot of other projects often fell short. And no, you can’t bring up Myst.So, it is with a measure of sadness that we see this chapter of PC history come to a close, and the venerable Encarta book placed on the shelf next to Microsoft Cinemania and BOB. Although the date will come and go without fanfare, it does mark the end of an era. Tags:#Microsoft#news#web Related Posts Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Microsoft’s years-long-running multimedia CD-based encyclopedia product, Encarta, will be history by the end of the year. According to Ars Technica, Microsoft quietly announced the discontinuation date for Encarta to be October 31, 2009. Although the MSN press release doesn’t go into too much detail on all the reasons why this decision was made, (nothing about Wikipedia for example), they do mention that the way people look for and consume information has changed substantially in the last few years, which seems like a fair assessment.It appears that all Encarta properties will be phased out over the coming year. They will stop selling the retail and student versions by June and the online MSN Explorer content will be removed by the end of October. Customers paying for a subscription to Encarta Premium will receive a pro-rated refund around the middle of the year. Technical support, like with most other Microsoft products, will continue for three years after the official end of life.As we mentioned, although Microsoft doesn’t directly implicate Wikipedia as one of the harbingers of their decision to kill Encarta, we can only assume that it is a big part of that decision. Although Encarta’s content was carefully curated, and of course factually accurate (which is often more than what you can say about Wikipedia), apparently the cost and availability of instant sources of information online has overcome the appeal of this once-novel encyclopedia. phil glockner Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market
NASA (3)/(DIAGRAM) C. BICKEL/SCIENCE The Martian was only a movie, but the blowing sand that drove the plot really does influence Mars today—and is now a source of intrigue for scientists studying the planet. Investigators with NASA’s Curiosity rover are exploring the planet’s dark sand dunes and have discovered structures thought to be unlike any on Earth: ripples spaced about 3 meters apart, intermediate in size between the little ripples and big dunes found on both planets. Scientists aren’t sure how they form, but they think the density of the thin martian atmosphere plays a role in shaping them.“Something in the martian environment is begging for these to form,” says Lori Fenton, a planetary scientist who studies dunes at the SETI Institute in Mountain View, California, and who wasn’t involved in the research. Even before scientists can puzzle out what that is, they hope to use fossilized ripples in rocks that hardened from ancient dunes to glean clues about the thicker atmosphere of early Mars, according to Mathieu Lapotre, a graduate student at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) in Pasadena, who presented the work here last week at the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (LPSC).Researchers had seen the large ripples in pictures taken from orbit, “but nobody thought hard enough” about them, Fenton says. In the end it took up-close observations by Curiosity, which is exploring Gale Crater. When the rover neared dark, billowy dunes girding the mountain that it aims to climb, some researchers on the rover’s science team considered them a potentially hazardous obstacle. But others saw an opportunity. “We have not visited an active sand dune field on another planet,” says Bethany Ehlmann, a participating scientist on the rover team at Caltech. “I don’t think it’s conscionable to be 100 meters away and drive by without stopping to take a look.”Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)So Ehlmann and others pushed for a campaign of pictures, wind measurements, and chemical analyses over several weeks in December 2015 and January (see map, below). The scientists presented their initial results at the LPSC: images of 5-meter-tall dunes that would not look out of place in Namibia. Imprinted on top of the large dunes were typically tiny ripples and the mysterious, larger ones. Other scientists on the Curiosity team are studying the size, chemistry, and color of martian dune sand. On Earth, dunes consist mainly of quartz grains, eroded from the granite that makes up much of the continental crust. On Mars, by contrast, dunes are made up mostly of dark, dense minerals like olivine, from volcanic basalt. The dunes get darker with time as finer dust, which contains lighter-colored feldspar minerals, blows away. Ehlmann says studying how the martian wind sorts grains by size and composition will help researchers understand other changes that occur as the sediment turns into stone.But at the LPSC, scientists were most excited by the discovery of the large ripples. In addition to spotting them in the Curiosity images, Lapotre and his colleagues have identified them at dozens of sites all over the planet in images taken from orbit. They found that at higher elevations, where the atmosphere is thinner, the ripples are farther apart. If these ripples can be found in old rocks, Radebaugh says, “you can get a good sense of what the paleoatmosphere was like.”If the large ripples are forming because of atmospheric influences rather than the impact mechanics of hopping sand grains, then, technically, they would be dunes rather than ripples. Lapotre says they seem to be similar to dunes found in riverbeds on Earth. Just as waves on the water’s surface shape the bottom, invisible “boundary layers” in the atmosphere may sculpt ripples on the surface of Mars.Not everyone is convinced that the ripples are a new type of dune. “They could just be big ripples” left over from a windier martian past, says Ralph Lorenz, an APL planetary scientist. But Fenton says Lapotre and colleagues have spotted slip faces—signs of miniavalanches—on the lee sides of some of them. Larger dunes share such slumping features, but small ripples lack them. The new-dune scenario is “plausible,” she says. “I’m happy that somebody has put forward an explanation, because it has bugged me.” On terrestrial beaches and deserts, small sand ripples form centimeters apart. They take shape when wind-borne sand grains hop and strike sand downwind, scattering yet more grains. Once a ripple begins to form, it protects sand on its downwind slope from being dislodged by further impacts. Meanwhile, scattered sand continues to be deposited on the upwind side of the ripple. Larger dunes, which can sit hundreds of meters apart, grow through a different process involving the aerodynamics of the atmosphere. As wind approaches a pile of sand, its streamlines are compressed, whipping up speeds and piling up more sand toward the crest. Eventually, the leading edge becomes too steep and collapses, allowing a new crest to form and the dune to inch along.In the solar system, dunes are found on Earth, Mars, Venus, Titan, and perhaps even Pluto. Planetary scientists study them from orbit to infer wind directions—like a “free wind sock,” says Jani Radebaugh, who studies Titan’s dunes at Brigham Young University in Provo, Utah. They can also use them to infer wind speed. From theoretical models and wind tunnel tests using crushed walnut shells to mimic sand blowing in Mars’s weak gravity, researchers have estimated that wind speeds need to reach about 15 to 20 meters a second for martian dunes to form. Researchers hope to check those numbers by studying a handful of Curiosity’s images of moving dunes snapped on days when the rover also took wind measurements, says Nathan Bridges, a planetary scientist at Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) in Laurel, Maryland. Since landing in 2012, NASA’s Curiosity rover has trundled toward its mountain target, Aeolis Mons (also called Mount Sharp), but it must cross potentially hazardous sand dunes.
Scout.comMost of the recruiting attention is currently being paid to the class of 2017, but teams always try to get ahead on the next cycle as well. Scout just dropped its first edition of the ‘Scout 300‘ for the class of 2018, and 38 of the 300 players listed are already committed to schools.The first full Scout 300 for 2018 on @scoutrecruiting is out https://t.co/da0rV7U02M pic.twitter.com/TT9niVSvgr— Brandon Huffman (@BrandonHuffman) July 1, 2016LSU leads the way with five of the top 300, while Florida State and Miami each land four players. Here are all of the players who are already committed.Alabama:RB Dameon Pierce (No. 52) TE Malcolm Epps (No. 143)Auburn:QB Joey Gatewood (No. 50)Clemson:S Mike Jones Jr. (No. 241)Florida State:CB Isaiah Bolden (No. 39) RB Justin Watkins (No. 81) DT Robert Cooper (No. 86) RB James Cook (No. 91)Georgia:OT Max Wray (No. 64)LSU:CB Kelvin Joseph (No. 29) QB Zadock Dinkelmann (No. 99) CB Corione Harris (No. 140) S Nadab Joseph (No. 201) WR Devonta Jason (No. 230)Miami:S Joshua Jobe (No. 22) CB Gilbert Frierson (No. 118) WR Daquris Wiggins (No. 183) CB Jalen Patterson (No. 278)Michigan:S Otis Reese (No. 229)Mississippi State:WR Malik Heath (No. 157)Nebraska:ATH Cameron Jurgens (No. 147) DT Masry Mapieu (No. 283)Notre Dame: QB Phil Jurkovec (No. 46) RB Markese Stepp (No. 193) DE Jayson Ademilola (No. 211)Oklahoma:OT Brey Walker (No. 10)Oregon:QB Colson Yankoff (No. 151) WR Devin Culp (No. 245)Oregon State:RB Camron Davis (No. 219)Penn State:DE Micah Parsons (No. 2)Tennessee:OT Cade Mays (No. 16) ATH Alontae Taylor (No. 285)Texas A&M:WR Montel Parker (No. 176) OG Luke Matthews (No. 181)USC:QB Matt Corral (No. 4) OLB Bo Calvert (No. 20) OLB Raymond Scott (No. 43)Washington:QB Jacob Sirmon (No. 40)[Scout]MORE FROM COLLEGE SPUN:The 10 Most Aggressive Fan Bases In CFBIn Photos: Golfer Paige SpiranacESPN Makes Decision On Dick Vitale