India facing knee arthritis epidemic

first_imgThis Saturday, October 12 is being celebrated as World Arthritis Day (WAD) — a day designed to raise global awareness about all facets of the disease. On this occasion, I want to highlight some issues related to Knee Arthritis which is on Verge of Becoming an Epidemic.In the next decade or so, knee arthritis is expected to emerge as the fourth most common cause of physical disability in India. It will be difficult for the country to tackle this huge healthcare burden due to a shortage of healthcare infrastructure and orthopaedic specialists. A major reason for the rapid rise in knee arthritis is that life expectancy in India has doubled since Independence, leading to a huge pool of ageing population suffering from wear and tear of the knees.More than 15 crore Indians suffer from knee problems, out of which four crores need a total knee replacement, imposing a considerable health burden on the society and country. In contrast, in China, 6.5 crore people suffer from knee problems, which is less than half the number in India. Worse, the incidence of knee arthritis among Indians is believed to be up to 15 times higher than that found in Western nations. This is because of the genetic predisposition of Indians towards knee arthritis, and a lifestyle that results in overuse of the knee joints.The most common arthritis in India is age-related degenerative arthritis which involves degeneration (wear and tear) of cartilage and can affect any joint such as the knee. However, while in Indian females, the average age for the onset of knee problems is 50 years, in Indian males, it is 60 years. The reasons for early onset in females include obesity and poor nutrition. As many as 90% of Indian women are deficient in vitamin D, which is critical in controlling bone metabolism. Its absence in the body directly or indirectly affects the knee. Indian traditional lifestyle affects knee health. Activities like squatting, sitting cross-legged, use of Indian toilets, and not using proper footwear while walking result in overuse and straining of the knee joint.While in the Western world, the incidence of hip arthritis in the population is much more than knee arthritis, in India, the situation is the reverse, with only about one hip replacement being done in the country for every 100 knee replacements. The incidence of hip arthritis is quite low in India.Pain and stiffness in any joint of the body, as well as noisy joints (joints making a repetitive sound), are early symptoms of arthritis. In later stages, there is difficulty in the physical movement of joints, and there may also be deformities. For the treatment of early-stage knee arthritis, medicines like safe analgesics, intra-articular injections, and physiotherapy are used. In advance stages, the most successful treatment is a total knee replacement.To prevent arthritis, one should avoid squatting, sitting cross-legged, the use of Indian toilets, and standing for long periods. Static quadriceps exercise, cycling, and swimming are the three best exercises for early-stage patients of knee arthritis. The food they eat should also be rich in protein, calcium, and antioxidants derived from dairy products and seasonal fruits and vegetables. To avoid vitamin D deficiency, adequate exposure to sunlight is necessary.last_img read more


TV’s Real Hero: Iraq War Vet Overcomes Scars on Dancing With the Stars

first_imgAddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to FacebookFacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterTwitterShare to EmailEmailEmailShare to RedditRedditRedditShare to MoreAddThisMoreEight years after surviving an explosion as a teenage soldier in Iraq, Army corporal J.R. Martinez can’t stop smiling as he captures the hearts of millions on Dancing With The Stars.Although his extensive facial scars are a reminder of the near-death bombing in 2003, he long ago learned how to handle those who are taken aback by his appearance.He breaks the ice with a heavy dose of his infectious smile and optimistic personality. “Within 30 seconds of meeting him” says his girlfriend Diana Gonzalez-Jones, “people fall in love.”WATCH the interview below with JR on ELLEN… or READ the story in Star PulseAddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to FacebookFacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterTwitterShare to EmailEmailEmailShare to RedditRedditRedditShare to MoreAddThisMorelast_img read more


Closing the energy performance gap

first_imgTo continue enjoying, sign up for free guest accessExisting subscriber? LOGIN Stay at the forefront of thought leadership with news and analysis from award-winning journalists. Enjoy company features, CEO interviews, architectural reviews, technical project know-how and the latest innovations.Limited access to industry news as it happensBreaking, daily and weekly e-newsletters Subscribe now for unlimited access Get your free guest access  SIGN UP TODAY Subscribe to Building today and you will benefit from:Unlimited access to all stories including expert analysis and comment from industry leadersOur league tables, cost models and economics dataOur online archive of over 10,000 articlesBuilding magazine digital editionsBuilding magazine print editionsPrinted/digital supplementsSubscribe now for unlimited access.View our subscription options and join our communitylast_img read more


Alabama Notebook: O-line ready for Missouri’s challenge

first_imgTUSCALOOSA Alabama’s offensive line faces a stiff challenge Saturday afternoon in the SEC Championship Game.Missouri knows how to pressure the quarterback and ball carriers in the backfield, and that’s how the Tigers won the SEC East Division The Crimson Tide, however, protects the quarterback. There have been only 11 sacks allowed to be tied for seventh-best in pass protection in the country.“The offensive line has done a really good job,” coach Nick Saban said. “I thought in this last game especially, they did a good job for the most part. They’ve done a pretty good job of protecting the quarterback.”Missouri is aggressive getting to the running back with 51 tackles for a loss, not including the 40 quarterback sacks.Alabama run blocks well with the ball carriers only losing 132 yards, which averages to 11 yards a game.“We’ve done a good job of getting a hat on a hat for the most part and been able to be pretty efficient in the way we’ve been able to run the ball,” Saban said.The lineman have been able to block even with uncertainty at right guard early until Leon Brown took control of the position.Center Ryan Kelly even missed two games due to injury. Left tackle Cam Robinson is day-to-day after a shoulder sprain last Saturday, and dealt with ankle injuries.“There’s been a lot of guys that have been getting banged up, but we just keep fighting every day,” right tackle Austin Shepherd said. “As much as we’ve practiced together and as much as we rotate, guys are just starting to built more chemistry with each other, obviously, from the first week until now. As long as we keep doing that we’ll be fine.”The team’s blocking would get a boost with the return tight end Brian Volger. He missed last week with a knee sprain, but is getting closer to a return.“He’s doing good; I’ve seen him every day,” Shepherd said. “I know he’s working his butt off to get back out there. We’ll see what happens this week. I’m sure he wants to be out there. We’ll see if it happens.” Walk-on appreciation Walk-ons came to the spotlight last weekend with the death of Ohio State football player Kosta Karageorge.He was found dead in a dumpster from an apperant self-inflicted gunshot wound. Mounting concussions were reported to be a problem for him.“I have a tremendous amount of respect for the walk-ons that we’ve had through the years and the great job that they’ve done,” Saban said. “Some of them have developed into players who end up having a role on the team and playing for you.”Saban calls them unsung heros because of all the work they do during the week to help the scholarship players get ready to play a game. They play on the scout team that mimics the opponent’s plays.“It’s very, very important that the coaches and players and everybody in the organization recognize and respect them just like everybody else on the team,” Saban said. “They’re an important part of the team. Their role on the team, even though it’s different and doesn’t get their pictures in the newspaper, is certainly really important to our team being ready to play.”Offensive lineman Austin Shepherd is impressed with the walk-ons, and frequently thank them.“I don’t know how they do it,” Shepherd said. “I think they are crazy for it. I couldn’t imagine doing what they do and getting no glory for it. They are a part of this team. They get us ready for the games. I tell them that, too, that they are such a big part.” Different Tide Alabama evolved this year. No longer is it a team that wins by defense and running the ball.The Crimson Tide passes first with a scrambling quarterback and can win a shootout, while the defense bends but doesn’t break.Alabama is a complete team that makes big plays on defense and offense, depending on what’s going on in any type of game.What does that mean for the opposition?“I think it’s scary for them,” safety Nick Perry said. “You know, usually Bama features defense and ran the ball, but now we can play a whole different type of game, and we can put up points or we can (shut down on) defense, and I think that’s scary for the opposing team.”last_img read more


Secondary Schools basketball programme to commence next month

first_imgIn an effort to create stronger structures at the secondary school level, the Guyana Basketball Federation [GABF] in partnership with the Guyana Olympic Association [GOA] will commence a National Basketball Grassroots Athlete Training Programme (NBGAP). This was revealed by programme coordinator and national coach Junior Hercules during an exclusive interview with Stabroek Sport.The programme, which is scheduled to commence on October 4th at the Cliff Anderson Sports Hall, will be conducted twice [Saturdays and Sundays] a week for the duration of four fours.The program which is projected to last for the timeline of six months, will cater for approximately 24 institutions. Among the schools that are expected to feature include St. Joseph’s High, Central High, Brickdam, Richard Ishmael, Cummings Lodge, Christ Church, St. John’s College, Queen’s College, Bishops’ High, St. Rose’s High and the Business School.According to Hercules, the NBGAP is designed with the intention of highlighting the development of student-athletes who have strong interests in the sport and to showcase their ability, talent, and commitment to becoming future Olympians.Hercules added, “The objective of this program is to identify and nurture talents and to provide them with a technical support base. The reasons for the program, they are not many coaches attached to the schools and by default there are at a disadvantage with regards to given the right training. They just don’t have access to a coach. We felt and want to make the playing field equal, we want to give them access to coaches with the intention of highlighting, exposing and ultimately selecting talented athletes who are committed to going beyond the school program and entering the tertiary, national and Olympic levels.” He added, “We starting at Form Three because at that stage you know what sport you want to participate in. The program is geared towards all schools whether public or private, we are not discriminating.”Hercules revealed that the programme is the brainchild of the GABF, disclosing, “This is coming from the GABF standpoint which is something we would have engaged the GOA on. This is about creating stronger structures at the youth level and the reason why we centralize the programme is to be able to properly manage and administer its initial implementation. We will use this pilot phase to tweak other areas, as we have interests in Berbice and Linden and entering other regions,” he ended.Questioned about the areas that will be covered during the program, he disclosed, “We will cover the basics of the game, the primary objective is exposing them to fundamentals, catching, passing, dribbling, shooting, and layups. What we will do among that is that we will also expose them to things we believe they should know at this age. We want to use this forum as an opportunity for a scholarship pipeline.” He further revealed, “Presently two coaches have confirmed their participation, we are anticipating a minimum of 10 persons per schools, if we can have a minimum of four coaches that will be ideal.”last_img read more


Hiker falls to his death from Yosemite National Park’s famed Half Dome

first_img Related George Rose/Getty Images(MARIPOSA, Calif.) —  A hiker slipped and fell to his death Monday while climbing Yosemite National Park’s famous Half Dome trail, officials said.The man was ascending the Half Dome cables with another hiker during a thunderstorm when he slipped and fell off the rock formation Monday afternoon, according to the U.S. National Park Service. The metal cables take hikers up the last 400 feet of granite to the summit of Half Dome, which is nearly 5,000 feet above California’s Yosemite Valley.Park rangers were notified and found his body around 1 p.m. local time. The man’s identity will be released after his family is notified, according to the National Park Service.Park rangers also provided assistance to the second hiker on the Half Dome cables.The National Park Service said in a statement Tuesday that the cause of the incident remains under investigation.It’s the first death on the Half Dome cables since 2011 and the first visitor fatality of this year.Copyright © 2018, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.Powered by WPeMaticolast_img read more